Indonesia is known as a country rich in spices. Many Indonesian dishes have distinctive aroma and often feature rich tastes of spices. The secret recipe behind this delicious flavor is from the typical spices of Indonesia that became the seasoning ingredient of cooking. Here is the list of spices which used by Indonesian in making delicious foods.

1. Nutmeg (Pala)

Nutmeg is a spice made from the seed of the nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrant) and is generally used as a cooking spice. The spice has a distinctive pungent fragrance and a warm slightly sweet taste. It is used to flavor many kinds of baked goods, meats, sausages, potatoes, sauces, soup, vegetables, and such beverages as eggnog.

2. Clove ( Cengkeh)

Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a Clove tree. Cloves are used in the cuisine of Asian, African, Mediterranean, and the Near and Middle East countries, lending flavor to meats, curries, and marinades, as well as fruit. Cloves may be used to give aromatic and flavor qualities to hot beverages.

3. Cinnamon (Kayu manis)

Cinnamon skin is a spice used for sweet and savory dishes. If cinnamon is mixed with the dish, it will add fresh after taste but the amount needs to be exact. Cinnamon is processed into a cinnamon powder and bar. Cinnamon sticks are sometimes used to flavour soups and stews, and also in desserts and drinks.

4. Ginger (Jahe)

Ginger is common to Indonesian cooking, like most other Asian cuisines. In Indonesia, ginger is also often used in drinks, such as hot ginger water, and black coffee with ginger.

5. Lemongrass (Serai)

Lemongrass is an herb with a lemony scent. The culinary herb is produced from the stalk of the lemongrass plant. Lemongrass imparts a flavor of lemon with hints of ginger. It has the same essential oil as lemons and it is often used in herbal teas to give a lemon flavor. Fresh lemongrass can have floral and minty notes as well. Lemongrass is used in soup and dishes with meat, poultry, seafood, and vegetables. It is also widely used in tea and other beverages.

6. Cardamon (Kapulaga)

Cardamom is a kind of fruit that is often used as a spice of certain dishes, and can also mix as a mixture of herbal medicine. Usually cardamom is widely used as a spice for curry because it can make the taste of food tasted more delicious.

7. Pepper (Merica)

In Indonesia, pepper is less acrid and a little sweeter than varieties grown in India or China, and is much fruitier as well. In Indonesian cooking, it’s often incorporated in traditional bumbus, which are the aromatic curry pastes made from dry and fresh spices. Long pepper is great just like black pepper - in dishes with red meat or in soups and stews.

8. Cumin (Jintan)

Cumin is a creeping plant whose seeds can be used for spices and medicines. Seeds of this plant are often used as a spice kitchen for Indian cuisine.  The aroma is very fragrant, suitable to be the mixture of seasoning traditional dishes in various regions. This spice often added into opor and curry dishes. 

9. Turmeric (Kunyit)

Traditional Indonesian cuisine can not be separated from this spice. This spice has a specific feature such as finger,  the skin has yellowish brown color, and it has a thin feature. Turmeric is used to color yellow rice, spice opor,  and curry.

10. Candlenut (Kemiri)

Candlenut is one of the Indonesian spices with seeds that are used as a source of oil and spice for cooking purposes. It is used for creating a creamy and umami taste in soups, gravy dishes, and sauces.

Spices and Herbs Pairing is a method of combining ingredients to develop the quality in taste and aroma of the dish. To master this method, experience and willingness to experiment are the main keys. However, If you are new to cooking you don't need to worry because in this article I will give you guidelines for Spices and herbs pairing for variety of meat.

Top view of grill bbq roast chicken leg on the flaming grill


Chicken is the blank slate of land animal meat. Mild in flavor, you can pretty much throw anything on chicken and it will taste good. Since there are so many different flavor options, you can go from savory options to brighter, sweeter options in a heartbeat and still have something amazing to eat. 

Chicken dish goes well with:
Lemon Peel, Lime Peel, Orange Peel
Bay Leaf

Top view of a beef steak medium rare with baked garlic and rosemary in a black cast pan over rustic table.


When you are cooking with beef, you want herbs and spices that can stand up for themselves. They will have a strong flavor on their own, and they will be able to compliment the strong flavor of beef without becoming overwhelmed by it.

Some ingredients that match with beef are:
Bay Leaf
Black Pepper
Curry Powder
Dry Mustard Powder
Green Pepper

Barbecue pork spare ribs flat lay


Pork is an interesting meat. Its not overpoweringly flavorful like beef, but its not exactly a blank slate like chicken. It is somewhat sweet, but overall a savory food. Pork can sometimes be used as a replacement for beef, in certain recipes.

spices for Pork include:


Mutton is the more mature meat from a sheep that is three years old or older. Lamb, the more popular sheep meat in America, comes from young sheep that are about one year old or younger. IF the sheep is less than three months old, the meat is called "spring lamb." Mutton is a popular meat in India, and as such a lot of Indian spices are well suited to this meat.

Some strong spices for Mutton:
Dill Weed

Sole with cherry tomatoes


"Fish" covers a wide range of a variety of types of animals that we enjoy eating. Depending on the fish, herbs and spices can give them a lot of flavor! There are very few things that you can add to fish that will help the flavor improve.

Those are some tips for spices and herbs pairing to achieve harmonized flavor. To read more about our Tips and Tricks visit our Blog and stay tuned on our Social Media Instagram and Twitter. Cheers Neighbors!

Hello neighbors! It must have crossed your minds "why are there so many Start Shopping Local Products campaigns now?". There are many reasons for the creation of the slogan, one of which is its benefits. Let's discuss it in this blog! The following are the benefits of shopping at local sellers.

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is floating-markets-are-a-common-tradition-throughout-2022-03-04-02-30-55-utc-1024x683.jpg

Decrease Carbbon Footprint

Are you familiar with the "carbon footprint"? yup, Carbon Footprint is better known as pollution. So, how can shopping locally reduce pollution? By shopping for local products, you reduce the pollution produced by the means of transporting the product. The means of transportation that send products from outside the city and even abroad will produce a lot of pollution every day. Imagine if this kept happening every day of the year.

Affordable Price

Buying locally produced and harvested goods will be very cheap compared to buying imported goods from supermarkets. Local sellers do not need expensive land and buildings to rent, so selling prices do not require high increases. Distributors of local products also do not need to include high shipping costs. Can you imagine the price difference?

The Seller Master Their Products

It's impossible for the vegetable sellers around you to provide laundry equipment like in the department store. They will focus on selling vegetables and become experts on their products. These small sellers will be very careful with the products they have been selling for years so that small changes such as color, aroma, or texture will be noticed by them. You can also ask a lot of things about their products.

Easy to Reach

In your opinion, which one is easier to reach? a seller in a market near you or online goods from out of town? Of course, the local market is closer. Not only that, in the market you will be greeted by many sellers with different variations of shops and products. You can also find unique products that you have never met before.

Supporting Your Surrounding Development

By buying from people who live near you, the economic cycle will be localized in your area. "Then what's the benefit for me?" Of course, with the increase in the income of sellers around you, the quality of the places used by sellers will improve, as well as public facilities, which of course will get more funds from the soaring income tax of local residents.

create Job Opportunities

The more buyers in the local market or shop, of course, it will be accompanied by an increase in sellers. One seller will not be able to serve 1000 buyers at once, so an opportunistic potential seller will certainly take this opportunity to help supply the needs of consumers. The higher the availability of jobs, the higher the standard of living of the people around us.

those are the benefits of Shopping at local sellers for ourselves and those around us. It is almost the same as Kokikan's vision which wants to prosper the neighbors by providing a platform for those who want to sell food easily. To find out how to be Cook at Kokikan check us out on Instagram or Twitter.

Hi Neighbors! Of course, all of you guys, especially those who like food, are familiar with the term Fermentation. Fermentation is a chemical change process in an organic substrate through the activity of enzymes produced by microorganisms. Fermented foods are known to be good for health. Want to know what are the examples? Here is a list of fermented foods that are beneficial for health.

Fried tempeh with rice and broccoli, traditional indonesian cuisine.


Tempe is a fermented food made from soybeans with the help of the bacteria Lactobacillus plantarum and the fungus Rhizopus oligosporus. The white fiber that holds tempeh together is the mycelium of Rhizopus oligosporus. Tempe is very good for maintaining a healthy digestive system, maintaining heart health and function, strengthening bones, and lowering cholesterol levels and blood pressure.

tape singkong sumber: KlikDokter


Tape usually comes from cassava or sticky rice which is fermented by the fungus Aspergillus, Amylomyces rouxii, Mucor sp Rhizopus sp, Saccharomycopsis fibuligera, Saccharomycopsis Malanga, Pichia burtonii, Saccharomyces cereviceae, Candida utilis, and the bacteria Acetobacter, and Bacillus sp. This microbial diversity creates food that are both sweet and slightly sour. Tape is very good consumed to facilitate digestion, control blood pressure, prevent anemia, strengthen bones.



Yogurt is a dairy product containing probiotics that is fermented with lactic acid bacteria. Yogurt has a sour taste and thick texture. Yoghurt is usually fermented by Lactobacillus bacteria for aroma formation and also Streptococcus lactis for flavor formation.

Preserved Chinese vegetable

Chinese Salted Mustard Greens

Chinese salted mustard greens is a product that has a distinctive taste, which is produced from the fermentation process of lactic acid bacteria. You can make your own salted mustard greens by soaking mustard greens in salt water for a period of 3 days to 4 weeks. In this fermentation process, the types of lactic acid bacteria left to be active are Leuconodoc mesenteroide, Lactebacillus cucu meris, L. plantarum and L. pentoaceticus.

Plate of gherkins, pickled cucumbers on white rustic wooden background. Clean eating, vegetarian food concept. Top view


Pickle is a food product resulting from a biotechnological process that involves the fermentation of lactic acid bacteria. By soaking vegetables like Cucumber and some herbs in salt water, Pickle will be ready in 1 week. The bacteria involved are Lactobacillus plantarum and Lactobacillus reuteri.

Red miso paste on white bowl viewed from above with spoon on table out of focus.


Miso is a Japanese food condiment produced by fermenting the fungi Aspergillus oryzae and Lactobacilli acidophilus in soybeans. Miso has a salty and savory taste. Miso is commonly consumed as soup also have health benefits, namely reducing the risk of cancer and stroke and can improve heart and brain health.

those are some lists of fermented foods that are beneficial for health. Of course, there are many more benefits of fermented foods. To read more Articles visit our Blog and stay tuned on our Social Media Instagram and Twitter. Cheers Neighbors!

Hi neighbors! Indonesia is famous for its ethnic diversity. It is undeniable, the diversity among us produces its own uniqueness compared to the traditions of other countries. However, like our country's motto "Different but still one" there is a unique habit that we all share, for example the tradition of eating together. The main purpose of this tradition, of course, is to strengthen the ties of brotherhood which is very important for social beings. This time I will discuss some of the traditions of eating together in Indonesia.

makan Bajamba

Makan Bajamba

This tradition comes from the land of Minangkabau, West Sumatra. Eating Bajamba is usually done during Muslim celebrations. The Bajamba meal will begin with a lively party with performances of traditional Minangkabau music. This tradition is held to evoke a sense of togetherness.


Ngariung Sunda

Eating together in Sundanese tradition is already familiar to most Indonesian. By spreading banana leaves through rows of people sitting cross-legged, Nasi liwet and side dishes are served on top. Ngariung itself in Sundanese means "gathering".

makan bersama di Bali

Megibung Bali

This Balinese tradition was originally used by the king of the Karangasem region to communicate and exchange ideas with his soldiers. The attendee will usually sit together in a circle consisting of 8 people per team. The food is served in the center of the circle and is shared with each other.


Rijsttafel is an eating habit introduced by the Dutch during the colonial period. "Rijst" means Rice, while "Tafel" means Table. In the past, the Dutch would invite guests to dine together and showcase the diversity of "exotic" Indonesian food served on the table with rice.


In the modern era Prasmanan is better known as Buffet. This tradition was introduced by the French colonizers to forced laborers in the past. In the past, food would be displayed on long tables and workers would take their own food. At present, the buffet is used by several food establishments. The buffet is also divided into 2, All you can eat and pay according to the food taken.

Those are some of the traditions of eating together in Indonesia. For more unique knowledge visit our Blog and stay tuned on our Social Media Instagram and Twitter. Cheers Neighbors!

Child development is a priority for most mothers. As a mother, seeing her child healthy, intelligent, and active certainly makes the mother proud. One way to achieve these goals is to provide the child with the right foods.

Top those who has children, have you ever realized the variety of food you serve to your baby? it turns out that the diversity of food from the ingredients to the cooking method is very influential on the growth and development of children psychologically and physically. Here are the importance of introducing a variety of foods to your little one.

Avoid nutritional deficiencies

Do you all know that repetitive food sources can affect nutrient absorption? In this world, there are no food ingredients that have complete nutrition to meet all the needs of macro and micro nutrients, vitamins, and minerals that the human body needs. As a result of this, children who are still growing need a variety of foods to complement each other's deficiencies.

Diverse food prevents disease

taking the example of white rice, white rice comes from rice that has been peeled from the skin, bran, and germs. It is known that the bran and buds of rice contain high levels of vitamins and minerals. With the process of "whitening" rice, vitamins and minerals from rice are also wasted. Considering white rice as the only source of carbohydrates can make a person anemic due to lack of minerals. Not only that, the sugar content in white rice can cause type 2 diabetes in the long term. Certainly not what we expect to happen to our children.

meningkatkan nafsu makan anak penting agak anak dapat berkembang secara maksimal

Increase children's appetite

Children in the golden age are in a period where they have a high curiosity. By giving new food variants, children can taste and know the flavors of food that they did not know before. This is certainly important for children to develop their knowledge of food.

Prevent children from becoming picky eaters

The term Picky Eater is already familiar to us. The baby who is only exposed to the same food can grow into a Picky Eater. Examples of foods that are most often the reason a child becomes a Picky Eater are Nugget and Sausage. When the child has become a Picky Eater, it will be very difficult for the mother to prepare food for the child.

High angle portrait of two little kids eating watermelon outdoors nd smiling

Expanding children's sensory abilities

Texture, taste, aroma, color, and even the sound of food when chewed can expand children's sensory abilities. Like texture, with dishes that have a variety of textures such as crunchy, soft, smooth, and dense, children gain new knowledge and memories about food.

Nowadays, food is mostly dominated by monocultural food. even so, actually Indonesia itself produces a variety of food sources such as cassava for carbohydrates. It is the duty of both home and professional cooks to rack their brains so that family members, especially children, get the best nutrition.

So that's the importance of introducing a variety of foods to your little one. After reading this article, what do you think about our dining habit? let us know on the comment section. Don’t forget to follow us on Instagram, Facebook, and Twitter to get updates about Kokikan and promo!

People are bound to eat, but everybody has the preferences that they hold according to choose what they want. There are a few things that make you one step closer to a kitchen by knowing their terms.

In addition, in a cooking world, menus will improve along with all the stations that the kitchen has. But fewer people think that there is structure inside the kitchen.

There are several stations in the kitchen world you ought to know:

  1. The Saucier Station.
  2. The Poissonnier Station.
  3. The Rotisseur Station.
  4. The Entremetier Station.
  5. The Pattisier Stattion.

1. The Saucier Station

As the title said, The Saucier Station is responsible for creating many sauces. For instance, Applesauce, Rich Meat flavored sauces, Sautéed items even stew. Adding the Saucier section will enhance the flavor of the product even more.

The technique that The Saucier Station depends on the user, But in a certain way, Sauces alone can take many hours to perfect it, that is why people prepare a lot from the beginning of time to make it excellent, it takes a lot of preparation and trial. 

2. The Poissonnier Station

The Poissonier Station is responsible in order to make some dishes after fish, seafood, and any other preparation. And here’s the fun you can combine any sauce to make your gourmet more delicious.

3. The Rotisseur Station

The Rotisseur Station specialty is meat, they roast, grill, and often braise the meat, here you will find out plenty of techniques from cutting to know the quality of meat so the meat can bring out maximum delicacies.

4. The Entremetier Station

The Entremetier Station is active to use ingredients like vegetables, potatoes and any other besides meat or fish, basically it’s like soup, stock, or anything that creates based on the element above.

5. The Pattisier Station

The Pattisier Station is focused on how to make such as baked cake, basically, it’s made for sweet items like a dessert or anything that only focus on pastry. Bread, decoration for cakes it also includes to The Pattisier Station.

So now when people said they want to join one of the stations from the 5 above, you can define what you wanted depending on your creativity and much more, talents.

Find further information only at Kokikan

Bakpao comes from the Hokkien language, Roubao. The name Bakpao comes from a combination of the words Pao and Bak. Pao means to wrap, and Bak means meat. So, Bakpao is a wrap containing meat. In the Hakka / Khek language, Nyukpao / Yungpao, the meaning is the same: wrapped meat.

Bakpao at first contains pork because most Chinese people consume pork. But along with time and culinary developments, the filling in the bun does not only have pork meat. There are many varieties to filling a Bakpao, including chocolate, peanut butter, fruit jam, chicken meat, beef meat, and vegetables.

History of Bakpao

The first Pao was developed in Chinese culture as a filled form of Mantau, created by legendary 3rd Century military strategist Zhuge Liang. On the way back from battle during his famous Southern Campaign to quash a rebellion around the area which is now Sichuan province. Zhuge encounter with an enormous logistical challenge. The strategist has defeated his enemies but was staring at the prospect of defeat not by an army but by a river that is impossible to cross.

The river was said to be closely guarded by a Deity, who refused to allow safe passage to Zhuge unless he threw the heads of 50 of his soldiers into the river. Wanting to satisfy the Deity's demand without sacrificing his troops, Zhuge ordered 50 buns that looked like a human head to be thrown into the river due to their flat bases and round shapes. The plan was successful. Zhuge and troops deceived the Deity, a safe passage was granted, and the buns were named Mantau (Barbarian's head). Since then, the food has been known as Bakpao until to this day.

How to Make Bakpao

1. Prepare the pao dough

First place the flour, instant yeast, sugar, and salt in a mixing bowl. Use a mixer and add cold milk or room temperature water. Add cooking oil. Besides, you need to knead for 7 minutes. After 30 minutes, divide the dough, roll, and shape each piece into a ball. Wrap with plastic wrap and let it rest for 30 minutes in a warm place.

2. Prepare the pao filling

You need to prepare the filling in advance and leave it cool. The filling is various depending on people's tastes. Hence, suggestions for char siu filling:

Prepare the filling. Also you can start mixing all the ingredients and seasonings except flour. Let it to a boil and cook the pork until it is cooked. Put 2 tsp of the red yeast rice powder and 2 tsp of all-purpose flour. Finally the pork mixture will start to thicken and glue together. Set aside wholly cool before wrapping.

3. Wrapping the pao

Wrap and pleat the dough to seal the filling. Allow it 20 minutes at room temperature before steaming.

4. Steaming the pao

Place the pao in the steamer tray. Furthermore, Boil some water into the steaming pan. Please leave it to steam over medium heat for 10 minutes. Please turn off the heat and leave it cool for 5 minutes. Finally, the Bakpao is ready to serve, eat while still nice and warm.

Don't forget to share this article with your friends and family. Download and use Kokikan on your phone. Eat homemade food made by your neighbour.

Read more about Introduction to pepes.

Wajik or diamonds, for those of you who often play cards, are most familiar with this. But do you know that in Indonesia, perhaps even more famous on the island, there is a famous and delicious snack called Wajik cake?

Wajik cake is a traditional sweet-tasting snack originating from Central Java. Wajik cake is mixed from glutinous rice with brown sugar and then given coconut milk. Generally, the color is brown but not infrequently there are also pink or green ones and others. Wajik is one of the foods that are quite important in Java. In some traditional ceremonies, they use diamonds as offerings or as one of the main activities of a traditional ceremony, such as the Sekaten festival, there is a Tumplak Wajik ceremony. While in Pekalongan Regency, there is a regional Wajik specialty called Wajik Klethik.


Wajik cakes have existed since the days of the Majapahit kingdom. This is written in the Nawaruci book, Empu Siwamurti writes us. It wrote us around 1500-1619, one of the literary works thick with Hinduism. More or less in that year, the teachings of Islam were developed on the island of Java.

Fun Fact

Did you know that if you want to use Wajik cake, you have to eat rice or what to eat first? Because diamonds are made of sticky rice, you can't eat them on an empty stomach because you can get ulcers later. Do you believe it or not? if I believe it because since I was little, it's always been said that.

Don't forget to share this article with your friends and family. Download and use Kokikan on your phone. Eat homemade food made by your neighbor.

For your attention, thank you and see you in the next article. Stay safe guys.

Read Also: Introduction to Betutu Chicken

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