Indonesia is known as a country rich in spices. Many Indonesian dishes have distinctive aroma and often feature rich tastes of spices. The secret recipe behind this delicious flavor is from the typical spices of Indonesia that became the seasoning ingredient of cooking. Here is the list of spices which used by Indonesian in making delicious foods.

1. Nutmeg (Pala)

Nutmeg is a spice made from the seed of the nutmeg tree (Myristica fragrant) and is generally used as a cooking spice. The spice has a distinctive pungent fragrance and a warm slightly sweet taste. It is used to flavor many kinds of baked goods, meats, sausages, potatoes, sauces, soup, vegetables, and such beverages as eggnog.

2. Clove ( Cengkeh)

Cloves are the aromatic flower buds of a Clove tree. Cloves are used in the cuisine of Asian, African, Mediterranean, and the Near and Middle East countries, lending flavor to meats, curries, and marinades, as well as fruit. Cloves may be used to give aromatic and flavor qualities to hot beverages.

3. Cinnamon (Kayu manis)

Cinnamon skin is a spice used for sweet and savory dishes. If cinnamon is mixed with the dish, it will add fresh after taste but the amount needs to be exact. Cinnamon is processed into a cinnamon powder and bar. Cinnamon sticks are sometimes used to flavour soups and stews, and also in desserts and drinks.

4. Ginger (Jahe)

Ginger is common to Indonesian cooking, like most other Asian cuisines. In Indonesia, ginger is also often used in drinks, such as hot ginger water, and black coffee with ginger.

5. Lemongrass (Serai)

Lemongrass is an herb with a lemony scent. The culinary herb is produced from the stalk of the lemongrass plant. Lemongrass imparts a flavor of lemon with hints of ginger. It has the same essential oil as lemons and it is often used in herbal teas to give a lemon flavor. Fresh lemongrass can have floral and minty notes as well. Lemongrass is used in soup and dishes with meat, poultry, seafood, and vegetables. It is also widely used in tea and other beverages.

6. Cardamon (Kapulaga)

Cardamom is a kind of fruit that is often used as a spice of certain dishes, and can also mix as a mixture of herbal medicine. Usually cardamom is widely used as a spice for curry because it can make the taste of food tasted more delicious.

7. Pepper (Merica)

In Indonesia, pepper is less acrid and a little sweeter than varieties grown in India or China, and is much fruitier as well. In Indonesian cooking, it’s often incorporated in traditional bumbus, which are the aromatic curry pastes made from dry and fresh spices. Long pepper is great just like black pepper - in dishes with red meat or in soups and stews.

8. Cumin (Jintan)

Cumin is a creeping plant whose seeds can be used for spices and medicines. Seeds of this plant are often used as a spice kitchen for Indian cuisine.  The aroma is very fragrant, suitable to be the mixture of seasoning traditional dishes in various regions. This spice often added into opor and curry dishes. 

9. Turmeric (Kunyit)

Traditional Indonesian cuisine can not be separated from this spice. This spice has a specific feature such as finger,  the skin has yellowish brown color, and it has a thin feature. Turmeric is used to color yellow rice, spice opor,  and curry.

10. Candlenut (Kemiri)

Candlenut is one of the Indonesian spices with seeds that are used as a source of oil and spice for cooking purposes. It is used for creating a creamy and umami taste in soups, gravy dishes, and sauces.

Spices and Herbs Pairing is a method of combining ingredients to develop the quality in taste and aroma of the dish. To master this method, experience and willingness to experiment are the main keys. However, If you are new to cooking you don't need to worry because in this article I will give you guidelines for Spices and herbs pairing for variety of meat.

Top view of grill bbq roast chicken leg on the flaming grill


Chicken is the blank slate of land animal meat. Mild in flavor, you can pretty much throw anything on chicken and it will taste good. Since there are so many different flavor options, you can go from savory options to brighter, sweeter options in a heartbeat and still have something amazing to eat. 

Chicken dish goes well with:
Lemon Peel, Lime Peel, Orange Peel
Bay Leaf

Top view of a beef steak medium rare with baked garlic and rosemary in a black cast pan over rustic table.


When you are cooking with beef, you want herbs and spices that can stand up for themselves. They will have a strong flavor on their own, and they will be able to compliment the strong flavor of beef without becoming overwhelmed by it.

Some ingredients that match with beef are:
Bay Leaf
Black Pepper
Curry Powder
Dry Mustard Powder
Green Pepper

Barbecue pork spare ribs flat lay


Pork is an interesting meat. Its not overpoweringly flavorful like beef, but its not exactly a blank slate like chicken. It is somewhat sweet, but overall a savory food. Pork can sometimes be used as a replacement for beef, in certain recipes.

spices for Pork include:


Mutton is the more mature meat from a sheep that is three years old or older. Lamb, the more popular sheep meat in America, comes from young sheep that are about one year old or younger. IF the sheep is less than three months old, the meat is called "spring lamb." Mutton is a popular meat in India, and as such a lot of Indian spices are well suited to this meat.

Some strong spices for Mutton:
Dill Weed

Sole with cherry tomatoes


"Fish" covers a wide range of a variety of types of animals that we enjoy eating. Depending on the fish, herbs and spices can give them a lot of flavor! There are very few things that you can add to fish that will help the flavor improve.

Those are some tips for spices and herbs pairing to achieve harmonized flavor. To read more about our Tips and Tricks visit our Blog and stay tuned on our Social Media Instagram and Twitter. Cheers Neighbors!

Why not becoming an Entrepeneur from now?

Now imagine there’s Edeline. Edeline is currently graduating from university, majoring in Mechanical Engineering. However in covid era, it is hard to find a job. Edeline has the ability to cook; thus she’s thinking of opening a culinary, home cooking business at home.

Here’s what she does;

  1. Determine what type of conventional business that she wants according to her budget, ability, and location.
  2. Find an investor to run your business in place & worker.
  3. Pursue some licenses and permits. 
  4. Marketing & Social Activities.
  5. Start Selling and ask for feedback.

Opening a business at home, which they prefer not cost so much, opening your business at home, especially in cooking, is not complicated anymore.

How Do We Start Home Cooking Business?

Meet KOKIKAN, in Kokikan we offer you some cooking business that is only based on your neighborhood, which is more affordable, efficient. You can sign up for free and wait for confirmation that allows you to build a business in cooking. Moreover delivery is one of basic business especially those who move in cooking business, in Kokikan delivery is free and much faster in terms of delivery. 

Kokikan is a marketplace that helps you grow your business in your neighborhood with your homemade foods.

Thus Edeline doesn’t want to complex the process in terms of the cooking business, so she’s choosing to sign up Kokikan. Because to have some license and permission is complex you need to run it for more than three months, even more, Edeline doesn’t want to wait open a business to difficult she’s only want to introduce the product in her neighbor thus Kokikan is the best marketplace for her.

With Kokikan, we help you to open a business in culinary, engage you with your ability in terms of cooking without a license to make some homemade food and expertise by you only, and design for your neighborhood, and with free delivery and fast food delivery that our terms provide you, you are going to be easier.

Bakpao comes from the Hokkien language, Roubao. The name Bakpao comes from a combination of the words Pao and Bak. Pao means to wrap, and Bak means meat. So, Bakpao is a wrap containing meat. In the Hakka / Khek language, Nyukpao / Yungpao, the meaning is the same: wrapped meat.

Bakpao at first contains pork because most Chinese people consume pork. But along with time and culinary developments, the filling in the bun does not only have pork meat. There are many varieties to filling a Bakpao, including chocolate, peanut butter, fruit jam, chicken meat, beef meat, and vegetables.

History of Bakpao

The first Pao was developed in Chinese culture as a filled form of Mantau, created by legendary 3rd Century military strategist Zhuge Liang. On the way back from battle during his famous Southern Campaign to quash a rebellion around the area which is now Sichuan province. Zhuge encounter with an enormous logistical challenge. The strategist has defeated his enemies but was staring at the prospect of defeat not by an army but by a river that is impossible to cross.

The river was said to be closely guarded by a Deity, who refused to allow safe passage to Zhuge unless he threw the heads of 50 of his soldiers into the river. Wanting to satisfy the Deity's demand without sacrificing his troops, Zhuge ordered 50 buns that looked like a human head to be thrown into the river due to their flat bases and round shapes. The plan was successful. Zhuge and troops deceived the Deity, a safe passage was granted, and the buns were named Mantau (Barbarian's head). Since then, the food has been known as Bakpao until to this day.

How to Make Bakpao

1. Prepare the pao dough

First place the flour, instant yeast, sugar, and salt in a mixing bowl. Use a mixer and add cold milk or room temperature water. Add cooking oil. Besides, you need to knead for 7 minutes. After 30 minutes, divide the dough, roll, and shape each piece into a ball. Wrap with plastic wrap and let it rest for 30 minutes in a warm place.

2. Prepare the pao filling

You need to prepare the filling in advance and leave it cool. The filling is various depending on people's tastes. Hence, suggestions for char siu filling:

Prepare the filling. Also you can start mixing all the ingredients and seasonings except flour. Let it to a boil and cook the pork until it is cooked. Put 2 tsp of the red yeast rice powder and 2 tsp of all-purpose flour. Finally the pork mixture will start to thicken and glue together. Set aside wholly cool before wrapping.

3. Wrapping the pao

Wrap and pleat the dough to seal the filling. Allow it 20 minutes at room temperature before steaming.

4. Steaming the pao

Place the pao in the steamer tray. Furthermore, Boil some water into the steaming pan. Please leave it to steam over medium heat for 10 minutes. Please turn off the heat and leave it cool for 5 minutes. Finally, the Bakpao is ready to serve, eat while still nice and warm.

Don't forget to share this article with your friends and family. Download and use Kokikan on your phone. Eat homemade food made by your neighbour.

Read more about Introduction to pepes.

Basil Chilli is it Beneficial?

Indonesia is a culinary utopia by Indonesian residents or by certain foreign residents. Culinary records in Indonesia are also very long. In Indonesia, you can find various kinds of culinary, whether it's sweet, sour, spicy, or mild. From halal dishes or regular dishes and includes Basil Chilli.

One thing that does Indonesian cuisine so different is that it is spicy. There are different types of chili sauce in Indonesia itself, spicy, sour, or sweet-spicy sauce. Of the many types of chili sauce in Indonesia, there is one chili sauce, namely basil sauce, which has an almost spicy level of spiciness but has a distinct aroma and taste from chili sauce in general.

The basil chili sauce is formed from cayenne pepper, salt, monosodium MSG, shrimp paste, brown sugar, salted fish, and basil leaves. This chili sauce is ideal for eating with chicken, duck, fish, and beef. Then Basil can also add it with warm rice and warm tea. Usually, people who eat this chili sauce must be very spicy but delicious.

For Your Information

According to Zoetmulder and Robson's Old Javanese-Indonesian Dictionary and Timbul Haryono's archaeological study in the Food and Beverage Inventory in Written Archaeological Sources, chili has been about since the 10th century. The chili itself is popular and easy to find on the island of Java. Chilli becomes a rare food category, and finally, for treatment as herbal medicine to treat various diseases, and more important that people suggest, and it creates something named Basil Chilli.

Fun Fact

Basil, which we often encounter as a food complement for fried chicken and fried duck or fried fish, is a plant with many benefits, one of which is primarily a medicine to help cure digestive or stomach ailments. Basil itself would be beneficial for people because of the ingredients that will affect us.

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For your attention, thank you and see you in the next article. Stay safe guys.

Read Also: Recipe of Cheese Bacon Chower

Wajik or diamonds, for those of you who often play cards, are most familiar with this. But do you know that in Indonesia, perhaps even more famous on the island, there is a famous and delicious snack called Wajik cake?

Wajik cake is a traditional sweet-tasting snack originating from Central Java. Wajik cake is mixed from glutinous rice with brown sugar and then given coconut milk. Generally, the color is brown but not infrequently there are also pink or green ones and others. Wajik is one of the foods that are quite important in Java. In some traditional ceremonies, they use diamonds as offerings or as one of the main activities of a traditional ceremony, such as the Sekaten festival, there is a Tumplak Wajik ceremony. While in Pekalongan Regency, there is a regional Wajik specialty called Wajik Klethik.


Wajik cakes have existed since the days of the Majapahit kingdom. This is written in the Nawaruci book, Empu Siwamurti writes us. It wrote us around 1500-1619, one of the literary works thick with Hinduism. More or less in that year, the teachings of Islam were developed on the island of Java.

Fun Fact

Did you know that if you want to use Wajik cake, you have to eat rice or what to eat first? Because diamonds are made of sticky rice, you can't eat them on an empty stomach because you can get ulcers later. Do you believe it or not? if I believe it because since I was little, it's always been said that.

Don't forget to share this article with your friends and family. Download and use Kokikan on your phone. Eat homemade food made by your neighbor.

For your attention, thank you and see you in the next article. Stay safe guys.

Read Also: Introduction to Betutu Chicken

Pepes is a cooking method using banana leaves as food wrappings. Then inside, it is filled with the primary raw materials, such as chicken, mushrooms, shrimp, or others, then seasoned with spices. This food is usually eaten with warm rice and tempeh chips or crackers.

Today I want to tell you about one very delicious Indonesian food. This food has a very distinctive aroma, several types, and a delightful and savory taste. The food is spicy. I never heard of this dish for sure. There are various kinds of Pepes, and there are tofu, milkfish, chicken, mushrooms, prawns, and many more. I would prefer shrimp paste and tofu Pepes. Which one do you like?


Pepes is a typical Sundanese food originating from Pasundan. The exact time when It began to exist is still unclear, but it is clear that it has been a long time. Then Pepes itself comes from the word "pais," Pepes is made from various kinds that we can find in nature, like the habits of the Sundanese. For example, if we fish from there, we can make peppers. Then we have chicken. We can also cook chicken Pepes. Then the essential ingredients are given spices and wrapped in banana leaves.

If using the traditional way, it will take quite a long time, approximately eight hours. The course is by pulling It wrapped in banana leaves on top of them along with the wood-burning. The advantage of using the traditional method is that the peppers become more fragrant and delicious.

Fun Fact

Because they are both wrapped in banana leaves, many people think Pepes and grilled rice are the same. Even though, at first glance, it looks the same. But if you can say grilled rice at a glance, it is alike to Pepes because it also has many types. But if it's grilled rice, you don't have to eat it using rice because it already has rice in it, but if it's spicy, you have to eat it with rice.

Don't forget to share this article with your friends and family. Download and use Kokikan on your phone. Eat homemade food made by your neighbor.

For your attention, thank you and see you in the next article. Stay safe guys.

Read Also: Introduction to Betutu Chicken

Chicken porridge is one of the very popular foods with the community. Aside from that, it is deliciously tasty. Chicken porridge also has a low price and can be found in many places. Those who like to cook can also make their own at home because the ingredients for chicken porridge are also almost easy and not much.

For lovers of chicken porridge, of course, the most proper time to eat it is at breakfast time, because in addition to being filling, eating it for breakfast can increase the spirit and mood for the better. Then don't forget when eating chicken porridge, there is one thing intestine satay or egg satay, plus warm, bitter tea or warm sweet tea. The taste will be more delicious. Well, today we will discuss information about it.


The porridge itself is a dish that comes from China. Precisely in the year 238, there was a very long drought, causing food ingredients to be very scarce and the people suffering. At that time, the Emperor in charge was Emperor Xuan Yuan. Then the Emperor accidentally spilled hot water into the rice. And that is how Porridge did.

Then in the year 219, there was a healer who used porridge to give to sick people. Finally, the porridge became famous for helping the healing process from that moment. Because of the texture of the porridge, porridge used as a complementary food to breast milk for babies who are not permitted to eat rice.

Fun Fact

There is a unique thing in Indonesia, namely when eating porridge, it stirred or not stirred. The topic of this is significantly developed and discussed in the community. Many people have different opinions according to the Topic, because of its many pros and cons. But eating porridge with stirring or not stirring is the taste of each person. But eating porridge with stirring or not stirring is the taste of each person.

Don't forget to share this article with your friends and family. Download and use Kokikan on your phone. Eat homemade food made by your neighbor. 

For your attention, thank you and see you in the next article. Stay safe guys.

Moon Cake Festival is a tradition from Chinese people or Chinese descendants. Although not a native Indonesian tradition, it is very well in Indonesia, and almost all Indonesians know about it. Mooncake Festival is a ritual and ceremony carried out by the Chinese people. Generally, these festivals holding during the autumn festival. Or also every 15th day of the 8th month on the lunar calendar. In Indonesia, mooncakes have several names, namely gwee pia or Tiong Chiu pia.

The most interesting thing at the festival is the night because we can gather and eat together. Then after that, you can go out for a walk or go to the yard to pick while enjoying the beautiful moon. There will be many interesting events and performances almost everywhere in China during Mid Autumn Festival. Still, it is also no less exciting in Indonesia, although it is not as lively as the event in China. Still, many activities of Chinese citizens or Chinese descendants are carried out. Below are examples of activities that are usually carried out in Indonesia.


The history of this festival is that there were ten suns in ancient times, then there was one male warrior who shot nine suns, so only one. After that, the initially hot earth became normal. Then the people were very grateful to the warrior.

Finally, the warrior met a girl, fell in love, and married. Then because of his great service, the warrior is a gift by a goddess, namely a pill of eternal youth. Then one day, a student heard it wanted to steal it. The disciple stole it to no avail in the end because the swordsman's wife finally ate the pill. After eating the pill, the wife turned into a goddess.

Because sad every night, the warrior looks at the moon while eating moon cakes because his wife now lives on the moon. Finally, the wife is called the moon goddess. Many villagers also gave offerings to the moon goddess to ask for blessings and protection. Eventually, the tradition continued and was ultimately commemorated as the autumn festival and formed Moon Cake Festival.

Fun Fact

examples of variants of moon cakes that we usually encounter in celebrations

Because the moon goddess or goddess Chang'e likes to eat moon cakes, many people offer moon cakes to her. Besides, they also know that Chang'e is an ordinary woman who takes a magic pill that makes her immortal, causing believers to eat mooncakes, a symbol of immortality. For those of you who like mooncakes, when eating them, try not to overeat. Because not good for your health because it contains quite a lot of sugar, and salted eggs also have too much salt.

Don't forget to share this article with your friends and family. Download and use Kokikan on your phone. Eat homemade food made by your neighbor. 

For your attention, thank you and see you in the next article. Stay safe guys.

Read Also: Introduction to Bakpao

PT Delco Jaya
Prime Space - Jl. Arteri Permata Hijau No.34, Grogol Utara, Kebayoran Lama, Kota Jakarta Selatan, Indonesia 12210
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